Pablo Picasso was born in Malaga in 1881. He grew up in Barcelona, and moved between Barcelona and Paris between 1900 and 1904, before finally settling in Paris.
Arguably one of the greatest, most radical and most influential artists of the 20th century, Picasso’s legacy is far-reaching and enduring. He had astonishing powers of invention, continually innovating and refreshing his work and experimenting with one style after another, from the Rose and Blue periods that defined his early years in Paris to the creation with Georges Braque of Cubism, and from the development of Collage in 1912 to his subsequent association with the Surrealist movement. Though to divide his work into defined phases would be misleading as Picasso frequently worked simultaneously on a wealth of themes in various styles. He also enjoyed keeping the critics guessing as to what ‘period’ a particular work belonged.
Picasso drew on various influences and the work of his later years in particular is steeped in themes of art history. His career is punctuated by seminal, highly influential artworks whose impact on both artists that followed and wider culture is undeniable, including his production in 1907 of the revolutionary artwork Les Desmoiselles D’Avignon and the politically charged Guernica in 1937, inspired by the destruction caused by the Spanish Civil War. Unusual among artists, Picasso remained in France during the German occupation. From 1946 to his death he lived mainly in the south of France. Picasso continued to produce paintings, sculptures, etchings and ceramics throughout his prolific career, producing an enormous body of work.
There are several museums dedicated to Picasso’s work in France and Spain, the most important being in Paris and Barcelona. His work is also included in the most important museums and private collections throughout the world.