PIERRE AUGUSTE RENOIR
Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919) was one of the leading painters of the Impressionist group. Renoir evolved a technique of broken brushstrokes and used bold combinations of pure complementary colours to capture the light and movement of his landscapes and figurative subjects.
In 1862 Renoir enrolled in evening courses of anatomy and drawing at the École des Beaux-Arts and begun painting lessons in the studio of the academic artist Charles Gleyre. It was here that Renoir met Claude Monet, Frédéric Bazille and Alfred Sisley, with whom he established the Impressionist movement. The future Impressionists did not agree with the academic style of their teacher, sharing instead a common pursuit of an art that was free from past traditions. Influenced by Gustave Courbet, the students began to take trips to Fontainebleau to paint directly from nature in the open air with rapid, textured brushstrokes that sparkled with colour and light.