Joan Miró was born in 1893 in Barcelona. He began his formal studies at the Francesc Galí Escola d’Art in 1912. He held his first dedicated exhibition in Barcelona in 1918, and his first solo exhibition in Paris in 1921.A leading abstract artist and advocate of the Surrealist movement, Miró is celebrated for the joyful colour and life of his canvasses and his distinctive visual language.
In 1920 Miró visited Paris for the first time, where he sought out Pablo Picasso and became associated with poets such as Max Jacob, eventually participating in activities relating to the avant-garde Dadaist movement. Miró joined the Surrealists in 1924, the group to whom he remained faithful throughout his career. He described his need to “rediscover the sources of human feeling” and created an idiosyncratic vocabulary that held true to the principles of Surrealism, whilst remaining highly individual.Miró was experimental with different media, working in terracotta, bronze and printmaking, as well as painting.
In the last phase of his career he increasingly concentrated on monumental and public works, which won widespread acclaim, including a Guggenheim International Award for murals adorning the UNESCO building in Paris.His work features in major museums and distinguished private collections around the world. In 1976 the Joan Miró Foundation Centre of Contemporary Art Study was officially opened in the city of Barcelona.